Tag Archives: etymology

Wordy Wednesday: Pornography

What it means

Greek

Combination of πόρνος and γράφω

Transliteration/Pronunciation

pornos/por’-nos and graphó/graf’-o

Strong’s

Combination of G4204 and G1125

Definition

The etymology of pornography is basically “writing about prostitutes/harlots/whores” with the Greek root being pornographos from the words pornos and grapho.

Where it’s found

Pornos:

Genesis 34:31; Genesis 38:15; Genesis 38:21; Genesis 38:22; Leviticus 21:7; Leviticus 21:14; Deuteronomy 23:2; Deuteronomy 23:17; Deuteronomy 23:18; Joshua 2:1; Joshua 6:17; Joshua 6:23; Joshua 6:25; Judges 11:1; Judges 16:1; I Kings 3:16; I Kings 21:19; I Kings 22:38; Proverbs 5:3; Proverbs 6:26; Proverbs 29:3; Isaiah 1:21; Isaiah 23:15; Isaiah 23:16; Isaiah 57:3; Jeremiah 3:3; Jeremiah 5:7; Ezekiel 16:30; Ezekiel 16:31; Ezekiel 16:35; Ezekiel 23:43; Ezekiel 23:44; Hosea 4:14; Joel 3:3; Nahum 3:4; Matthew 21:31; Matthew 21:32; Luke 15:30; I Corinthians 6:15; I Corinthians 6:16; Hebrews 11:31; James 2:25; Revelation of John 17:1; Revelation of John 17:5; Revelation of John 17:15; Revelation of John 17:16; Revelation of John 19:2

Grapho1:

Exodus 24:4; Exodus 24:12; Exodus 31:18; Exodus 32:15; Exodus 32:32; Exodus 34:1; Exodus 34:27; Exodus 34:28; Exodus 39:30; Numbers 5:23; Numbers 33:2; Deuteronomy 4:13; Deuteronomy 5:22; Deuteronomy 6:9; Deuteronomy 9:10; Deuteronomy 10:2; Deuteronomy 10:4; Deuteronomy 11:20; Deuteronomy 17:18; Deuteronomy 24:1; Deuteronomy 24:3; Deuteronomy 27:3; Deuteronomy 27:8; Deuteronomy 28:58; Deuteronomy 28:61; Deuteronomy 29:20; Deuteronomy 29:21; Deuteronomy 29:27; Deuteronomy 30:10; Deuteronomy 31:9; Deuteronomy 31:19; Deuteronomy 31:22; Deuteronomy 31:24; Deuteronomy 32:44; Joshua 1:8; Joshua 8:31; Joshua 8:32; Joshua 8:34; Joshua 18:9; Joshua 23:6; Joshua 24:26; I Samuel 10:25; II Samuel 1:18; II Samuel 11:14; II Samuel 11:15; I Kings 2:3; I Kings 6:29; I Kings 8:53; I Kings 11:41; I Kings 14:29; I Kings 15:7; I Kings 15:23; I Kings 15:31; I Kings 16:5; I Kings 16:14; I Kings 16:20; I Kings 16:27; I Kings 16:28; I Kings 21:8; I Kings 21:9; I Kings 21:11; I Kings 22:39; I Kings 22:45; II Kings 1:18; II Kings 8:23; II Kings 10:1; II Kings 10:6; II Kings 10:34; II Kings 12:19; II Kings 13:8; II Kings 13:12; II Kings 14:6; II Kings 14:15; II Kings 14:18; II Kings 14:28; II Kings 15:6; II Kings 15:11; II Kings 15:15; II Kings 15:21; II Kings 15:26; II Kings 15:31; II Kings 15:36; II Kings 16:19; II Kings 17:37; II Kings 20:20; II Kings 21:17; II Kings 21:25; II Kings 22:13; II Kings 23:3; II Kings 23:21; II Kings 23:24; II Kings 23:28; II Kings 24:5; I Chronicles 4:41; I Chronicles 16:40; I Chronicles 24:6; I Chronicles 29:29; II Chronicles 9:29; II Chronicles 12:15; II Chronicles 13:22; II Chronicles 16:11; II Chronicles 20:34; II Chronicles 21:12; II Chronicles 23:18; II Chronicles 24:27; II Chronicles 25:4; II Chronicles 25:26; II Chronicles 26:22; II Chronicles 27:7; II Chronicles 28:26; II Chronicles 30:1; II Chronicles 31:3; II Chronicles 32:17; II Chronicles 32:32; II Chronicles 33:19; II Chronicles 34:21; II Chronicles 34:24; II Chronicles 34:31; II Chronicles 35:12; II Chronicles 35:19; II Chronicles 35:25; II Chronicles 35:26; II Chronicles 35:27; II Chronicles 36:8; II Chronicles 36:23; Ezra 3:2; Ezra 3:4; Ezra 4:6; Ezra 4:7; Ezra 4:8; Ezra 5:7; Ezra 5:10; Ezra 6:2; Ezra 8:34; Nehemiah 6:6; Nehemiah 7:5; Nehemiah 8:14; Nehemiah 8:15; Nehemiah 9:38; Nehemiah 10:34; Nehemiah 10:36; Nehemiah 12:22; Nehemiah 12:23; Nehemiah 13:1; Esther 1:19; Esther 3:10; Esther 3:12; Esther 6:2; Esther 8:5; Esther 8:8; Esther 8:9; Esther 8:10; Esther 9:1; Esther 9:20; Esther 9:23; Esther 9:29; Esther 9:32; Esther 10:1; Esther 10:2; Esther 10:3; Job 19:23; Job 42:17; Psalms 40:7; Psalms 69:28; Psalms 102:18; Psalms 139:16; Proverbs 8:15; Ecclesiastes 12:10; Isaiah 4:3; Isaiah 8:1; Isaiah 10:1; Isaiah 10:19; Isaiah 22:16; Isaiah 30:8; Isaiah 65:6; Jeremiah 17:13; Jeremiah 22:30; Jeremiah 25:13; Jeremiah 30:2; Jeremiah 31:33; Jeremiah 32:10; Jeremiah 32:12; Jeremiah 32:25; Jeremiah 32:44; Jeremiah 36:2; Jeremiah 36:4; Jeremiah 36:17; Jeremiah 36:18; Jeremiah 36:27; Jeremiah 36:28; Jeremiah 36:29; Jeremiah 36:32; Jeremiah 45:1; Jeremiah 51:60; Ezekiel 2:10; Ezekiel 13:9; Ezekiel 24:2; Ezekiel 37:16; Ezekiel 37:20; Daniel 5:5; Daniel 6:9; Daniel 6:25; Daniel 7:1; Daniel 9:11; Daniel 9:13; Daniel 12:1; Habakkuk 2:2; Malachi 3:16; Matthew 2:5; Matthew 4:4; Matthew 4:6; Matthew 4:7; Matthew 4:10; Matthew 11:10; Matthew 21:13; Matthew 26:24; Matthew 26:31; Matthew 27:37; Mark 1:2; Mark 7:6; Mark 9:12; Mark 9:13; Mark 10:4; Mark 10:5; Mark 11:17; Mark 12:19; Mark 14:21; Mark 14:27; Luke 1:3; Luke 1:63; Luke 2:23; Luke 3:4; Luke 4:4; Luke 4:8; Luke 4:10; Luke 4:17; Luke 7:27; Luke 10:26; Luke 16:6; Luke 16:7; Luke 18:31; Luke 19:46; Luke 20:17; Luke 20:28; Luke 21:22; Luke 22:37; Luke 24:44; Luke 24:46; John 1:46; John 2:17; John 5:46; John 6:31; John 6:45; John 8:6; John 8:8; John 8:17; John 10:34; John 12:14; John 12:16; John 15:25; John 19:19; John 19:20; John 19:21; John 19:22; John 20:30; John 20:31; John 21:24; Acts 1:20; Acts 7:42; Acts 13:29; Acts 13:33; Acts 15:15; Acts 15:23; Acts 18:27; Acts 23:5; Acts 23:25; Acts 24:14; Acts 25:26; Romans 1:17; Romans 2:24; Romans 3:4; Romans 3:10; Romans 4:17; Romans 4:23; Romans 8:36; Romans 9:13; Romans 9:33; Romans 10:5; Romans 10:15; Romans 11:8; Romans 11:26; Romans 12:19; Romans 14:11; Romans 15:3; Romans 15:4; Romans 15:9; Romans 15:15; Romans 15:21; Romans 16:22; I Corinthians 1:19; I Corinthians 1:31; I Corinthians 2:9; I Corinthians 3:19; I Corinthians 4:6; I Corinthians 4:14; I Corinthians 5:9; I Corinthians 5:11; I Corinthians 7:1; I Corinthians 9:9; I Corinthians 9:10; I Corinthians 9:15; I Corinthians 10:7; I Corinthians 10:11; I Corinthians 14:21; I Corinthians 14:37; I Corinthians 15:45; I Corinthians 15:54; II Corinthians 1:13; II Corinthians 2:3; II Corinthians 2:4; II Corinthians 2:9; II Corinthians 4:13; II Corinthians 7:12; II Corinthians 8:15; II Corinthians 9:1; II Corinthians 9:9; II Corinthians 13:10; Galatians 1:20; Galatians 3:10; Galatians 3:13; Galatians 4:22; Galatians 4:27; Galatians 6:11; Philippians 3:1; I Thessalonians 4:9; I Thessalonians 5:1; II Thessalonians 3:17; I Timothy 3:14; Philemon 1:19; Philemon 1:21; Hebrews 10:7; I Peter 1:16; I Peter 5:12; II Peter 3:1; II Peter 3:15; I John 1:4; I John 2:1; I John 2:7; I John 2:8; I John 2:12; I John 2:13; I John 2:14; I John 2:21; I John 2:26; I John 5:13; II John 1:5; II John 1:12; III John 1:9; III John 1:13; Jude 1:3; Revelation of John 1:3; Revelation of John 1:11; Revelation of John 1:19; Revelation of John 2:1; Revelation of John 2:8; Revelation of John 2:12; Revelation of John 2:17; Revelation of John 2:18; Revelation of John 3:1; Revelation of John 3:7; Revelation of John 3:12; Revelation of John 3:14; Revelation of John 5:1; Revelation of John 10:4; Revelation of John 13:8; Revelation of John 14:1; Revelation of John 14:13; Revelation of John 17:5; Revelation of John 17:8; Revelation of John 19:9; Revelation of John 19:12; Revelation of John 19:16; Revelation of John 20:12; Revelation of John 20:15; Revelation of John 21:5; Revelation of John 21:27; Revelation of John 22:18; Revelation of John 22:19

  1. This is much more common as it can also refer to letters, writings, books, Scripture, etc. []
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Why you should love Greek

I recently embarked on a quest to learn the Greek language. Or, as ESV translator Dr. William Mounce1 puts it in his lesson series “Greek tools for Bible Study“, I want to learn Greek in order to understand Scripture better. In other words, I set out to learn a “little Greek“.

Outside of a desire to know what the authors of the New Testament originally wrote, I didn’t think there would be much use for knowing a language that is no longer in use2 but as I have studied, I have found that there are quite a number of English words that come from Greek.

Learning Greek will help you understand (or at least remember) many theological terms like hamartia (gk: αμαρτια) which, when combined with the Greek word λογια, or “discourse”, turns into hamartiology or the study of sin. There’s also ecclesiology, soteriology, eschatology, etc. All of these theological terms have a root in a Greek word. Learning the Greek word will help you remember which area each area of study covers.

Learning Greek will also build your English vocabulary by helping you understand the etymologies of common (and not so common) words. The advantage of knowing the root Greek words behind English terms such as ‘adaiphoria‘ (gk: ἀδιάφορος) is that you also learn other words that are derived from the same Greek root word and, as a result, you learn new English terms at the same time you are learning new Greek terms.

Of course, as Dr. Mounce stated in one of his lectures, the single greatest reason for learning Greek is to put into practice what we say about the Bible being God’s inspired and inerrant Word. I was very convicted when I heard him ask the rhetorical question: “If it’s as important as we say it is, why don’t we take the time to learn the language it was originally written in so we can understand it better?” Ultimately this is the reason to continue slogging through first and second order declensions, case endings, etc. Consequently, this is also what Dr. Mounce writes in the beginning of his book, Basics of Biblical Greek to help motivate us to stick with it.

So, as I work through Greek I hope to post tools and resources I’ve found helpful along the way. To start with, I want to share some resources to help you learn the Greek alphabet.

The best memory aids in learning the Greek alphabet I’ve seen so far is a combination of this popular song3 and this mnemonic (gk: μνημονικός) device taught to grade school children by a rather inventive teacher through a clever story. While they won’t help you memorize the symbols or the phonetics, they do help you remember the basic alphabet.

If anyone reading this knows of any other helpful resources, pneumatic devices, songs, etc. that you’ve found useful while learning Greek let me know!

  1. Personal website, Greek tutorial site []
  2. The Greek used today is not the same as the Koine Greek used in the time of Christ. []
  3. For those who like techno music, here is a spin off with a beat mixed in. []
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