Resources for more information on Molinism/Middle Knowledge

Since my post on Molinism/Middle Knowledge garnered some interest I figured it would be helpful to provide some more resources on the subject for anyone who is interested in exploring, as William Lane Craig puts it, such a fruitful doctrine further:


William Lane Craig‘s multi-part series “Doctrine of God” taught in his Sunday School class (Defenders) at Johnson Ferry Baptist Church


Philosophia Christi is a scholarly periodical published by the Evangelical Philosophical Society which regularly has articles both for and against Middle Knowledge, recently Vol 11 Num 1 2009 featured Steven B. Cowan (Editor of Five Views on Apologetics) against and Scott A Davison (Professor of Philosophy at Morehead State University) for with some good interaction between them both.


Other notable proponents of Middle Knowledge1 include:

I would be remiss if I were to claim this as an exhaustive list of proponents or resources pertaining to Middle Knowledge/Molinism so if you know of any other resources, by all means, let me know!

  1. These include both active and passive proponents of Middle Knowledge/Molinism. Not all of these people actively promote Middle Knowledge by itself but all, as far as I know, hold to this doctrine and deem it useful or “fruitful” in answering other theological/philosophical issues. The most significant being the question of evil. []

5 responses to “Resources for more information on Molinism/Middle Knowledge

  1. Bruce Ware holds to compatiblist middle knowledge, he is not a Molinist. He objects to libertarian freedom as he states on page 113 of the book you reference above, "..advocacy of libertarian freedom renders such divine knowledge impossible.

    I'm not sure Keathley can deemed a four point Calvinist either. In the link you provide to his upcoming book it states, "..the author argues that just three of Calvinism’s five TULIP points can be defended scripturally.."

    It's hard to tell whether or not Udo Middlemann is a Calvinist. Based on one of the amazon reviews Middlemann is said to attack a characture of Calvinism.

    I'm not so sure Plantinga is a Calvinist either. Jeremy Pierce writes about meeting Plantinga and how he was put off by Pierce's denial of libertarian free will. In the comments Pierce says,"[Plantinga] doesn't hold to any of [TULIP] except perhaps a watered down version of T and perhaps also P. I know he denies U, L, and I." In his spiritual autobiography posted at Calvin College Plantinga seems to take issue with the specificity of the Canons of Dort.

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