Originally posted as a comment on this Louder with Crowder post in regards to whether the right to keep and bear arms applies to individuals. I’m reproducing it here for easier reference in the future.
You should add in the Militia Acts of 1792 which basically calls every citizen 18 or older a de-facto citizen of the militia and _requires_ them to be able to furnish a gun and ammo if called on. In other words, what we now understand as selective service has its roots in the “well regulated militia” clause. “A well regulated militia” meant citizens who were equipped and disciplined enough to form a standing army if called on.
This same sentiment was re-expressed when the Militia Act of 1862 was passed which basically recognized black people as citizens _by recognizing them as militia members_.
US v. Cruikshank is a particularly interesting SCOTUS case which illustrates 1.how majority of challenges to the 2nd Amendment have been on the racial grounds of keeping “those people” from owning weapons with which to defend themselves. Namely the KKK trying to prevent black people from owning guns and 2. that the right to keep and bear arms is not _granted_ by any government but merely recognized.